High blood pressure during pregnancy can place extra stress on your heart and kidneys and can increase your risk of heart disease, kidney disease and stroke, Other possible complications include the following:
- Fetal growth restriction- restriction – High blood pressure can decrease the flow of nutrients to the baby through the placenta. The baby may have growth problems as a result.
- Preeclampsia – The condition is more likely to occur in women with chronic high blood pressure than in women with normal blood pressure.
- Preterm delivery – if the placenta is not providing enough nutrients and oxygen to your baby, it may be decided that early delivery is better for your baby than allowing pregnancy to continue.
- Placental abruption – This condition, in which the placenta prematurely detaches from the wall of the uterus, is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment.
- Cesarean delivery – Women with hypertension are more likely to have a cesarean delivery than women with normal blood pressure. A ceserean delivery carries risks of infection, injury to internal organs and bleeding.